Cultural A


                               Ancient Greece in Modern Culture Today

Many of the subjects we study in present day schools like mathematics are many of the things ancient Greek scholars invented. Men including Archimedes of Syracuse, Pythagoras, Pluto and Claudius were apart of these findings. These ancient Greek men showed use of their talent by thinking of new inventions to make an entire world different. The ancient Greek Empire had many new technologies making them the most advanced in their time. Greeks had a Hellenistic way of thinking which means to become more Greek. They focused on scientific thinking and why certain things happen in the world. But with further research we must ask the question why do so many geniuses come out of the Greek Empire? How do they learn many of their thinking skills and why don’t other empires produce as many scholars as the Greek empire? These following sources will help us answer the questions of how the ancient Greek Empire produced geniuses and how their thinking was different from other empires. 

The Greek Empire has a long tradition of philosophical inquiry. There were many questions that were asked about the world and how the physical world worked. The Greeks were very curious about the world and why did certain things happen. In present day we are still trying to answer questions about the world? There were many ways the Greeks had to learn about their curious questions. Socrates is one of the first philosophers in ancient Greece. He helped with the findings of many things. He also was a teacher and many of his students or followers taught his teachings throughout Greece. The Sophists or wise ones believed that humans would not be absolutely right or wrong. But Socrates says that values do exist and that one could know them by dialectic. Socrates then had his own method of questioning definitions by cross-questioning. This method is known as Socratic Method of inquiry. Socrates act of individualism sparked the eyes of his pupils including Pluto. Pluto helped form the Western intellectual history. Just like his guide Socrates, Pluto focused more on the theory of knowledge. He started his own school called the Academy. Most of his teachings were based off the teachings of Socrates and his own questions of knowledge. Some of his students included Aristotle, who later had his own school called the Lyceum. During the Hellenistic period of ancient Greece people were able to seek out their own ideas.

Pythagoras was born to a wealthy merchant in Samos. He traveled with his father around Greece and learned many things. Some of his teachers included men from Syria and Chaldaean. He was taught poetry and learned to play the lyre. Later in his life a well known philosopher, Thales, introduced him to his mathematical ideas. Pythagoras came up with his famous Pythagorean Theorem. We now use this theorem to answer math problems. Social status was important for philosophers to learn their findings and inventions. If your family was a middle class family with a little bit of money you could learn from different people. Many of the philosophers learned from different teachers and men around Greece.

A Hellenistic view of thinking is what ancient Greek people followed. Hellenism is defined as to become more Greek. It started between 323 B.C. and 30 B.C. during the fall of Alexander the Great and rise of the Roman Empire. Zeno of Citium followed the ways of Hellenistic thinking. He taught in Athens at the Stoa Poikile and had his own doctrine which was called Stoic. The doctrine included principals that enlightened people. The most important principal says goodness is based on knowledge and only the wise person is really virtuous. Philosophers now knew that their interest in learning was a good thing and without it you were not wise. But Hellenism also gave the freedom for many of these great geniuses the power to escape into individualism and go out in to their own study of different subjects. 

            In conclusion ancient Greece had many philosophers who were a part of the empire. But many of them brought many of their philosophies from different places. Some used the Hellenistic period to find their philosophies and use their individuality to make their point known. The social structure played a part of the philosophers learning. If they were not a part of the middle class or higher than you were not able to learn. Some of them did not go to a traditional school but learned from different people around Greece. Others used some type of religion and some made their own up. The Greek philosophers had a mind of their own and made their curiosity for academics known to the world. But if we must say the philosophers of ancient Greece have a strong intellect and have masterminded philosophy for all to know


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